A few weeks ago we started to talk about electronic literature (#elit). But what is electronic literature and is it different to normal literature?
Electronic literature gets created on a digital device and mostly you cannot print them, so they were actually also produced just for an electronic device. Now a day books are written on laptops, but they normally get printed, just not if they only get published as E-Books. And also the genres are different. Take for example the genre “hypertext fiction”. The word hypertext gives kind of a big hint. In this electronic literature are hypertext links hidden behind some words or elements of the picture or text. Mostly there is more than one hyperlink hidden. These stories do have more than one way to end. So it depends on the reader how the story continues and ends. You cannot place hyperlinks into a printed book. But you can make some references to other thinks, like pictures or other books directly in the text.
Another genre is called interactive fiction. It is separated from all other genres. In this kind of stories, the gamer or reader still has an influence of the process. And the surrounding in the game is also descripted with words. This genre is splited up into several smaller genres. The most common are text-adventures, multiple-choice adventure and Japans adventure. This types can also include elements of the roleplaying genre.
Kinetic-Poetry is also a genre of electronic literature. It is kinetic because some elements of the text can move. They are sliding from one side to another, or they keep turning. Everything is possible. The only thing which is not possible is that you cannot print them.
These genres and also some more are represented on the website of the Electronic Literature Organisation (ELO).
This organisation is a non-profit organisation and they have already published the volumes of electronic literature. They have plenty of sponsors, for example the University of Bergen and the University of Dundee supported the second volume. The University of California supported the first volume.
The first volume was published in 2006 and it has about 70 titles. The second was published in 2011 and has about 60 titles. The third and news one hast about 115 titles and got published in 2016.
So it is perfect if you are interested to get some more information about electronic literature and if you want to read some more.
This time I am going to tell you something about the story “Hobo Lobo of Hamelin” which was written and created by Stefan Živadinović. He is fromSan Antonio, Texas, United States.It was published in the year 2011 and you can find it in the third volume of the Electronic Literature Collection. It is translated into English, Spanish and French. It seems like the story is kind of related to the German legend of “Pied Piper of Hameln/Hamelin (Der Rattenfänger von Hameln)”. This legend was created by the brothers Grimm. It says that once upon a time a man in colourful clothes came to the city Hameln which had a huge problem with rats. He made the promise that he will get rid of the rats when he gets paid properly. So he was walking around in the city, playing his flute and the rats were following him. And he killed all of them in a river. But the citizens did not want to pay him anymore when he came back. So he left and after some time, when all the adults were in the church he came back to the city, playing his flute and all the children where following him. He leaded them into the mountains and they were never seen again. Right now the story is about seven pages and each page has several steps. From four until seventeen. With each step the picture moves a little bit more to the right and a new part of the story is shown. Some things are popping up and some things are hidden after the step and the text beneath the picture is changing. To get to the next step you can ether swipe with your fingers across the mousepad or you can press on the numbers on the upper part on the screen. Here you can choose between the single step on the page but also the pages itself. So the first think that you are looking at when you are switching the pages is the comic and afterwards you go down to the text. Than you look up to the pictures again to see how the picture and the text fits together. The keywords for this story are hypertext, HTML and comics.
On page one you get introduced to the city “Hamelin” which has some issues concerning rats. The major is very worried about that especially because of the upcoming re-election. He goes to see a psychic which tells him to hire a professional to get rid of the rats.
The people on the first page are mostly painted yellow and the background is purple. You see kids playing on the street quite next to the rats, which are having arguments and fights.
On the second page a wolf named Hobo Lobo comes to the city. He is a professional and helps all the citizens of Hamelin to solve their problems. One day the major steps forward and promises him a lot of money if he takes care of rats. The comic is interactive with the story. Especially when it comes to parts when figures are talking. Sometimes you can see what they really think or how they feel better in the drawing than thru the words. The third page shows how Hobo Lobo leads the rats out of the city. This one has some multimodal elements. You have to turn on the volume so you can listen to the song. You also have to do that on the page seven which is not finish yet, like the whole story is still on a progress. At the end of page three Hobo Lobo kills all the rats. On the next page it is shown that the city is free of rats and kind of happy now. Than Hobo calls the major of Hamelin to get his money, but he will not get it. He goes back to the city and tries to talk to the major but he kicks him out of the house. That is already on the page five. On page six you see the major in an interview and he says that the world is dangerous. And you have to take care of your beloved. Hobo is listening to that on the radio. On the last part of the comic you see something like church on the left side and on the right side you see a shadow of a wolf killing a child. Beneath the drawing are the words “more to come…”
As you can see it is kind of the same story so far. But it has a new title, a new layout and it is also turned into a modern way. Especially the text has changed concerning the words which are used.
And this is the link to read the whole story:http://hobolobo.net
The probably most common gaming genres are action, action-adventure, adventure, role-playing, simulation, strategy and sports. Obviously there are a lot more genres, but it would take way to long to list them all. I will give you some main informations about some of the genres in following blog-post.
The first genre I am going to talk about is the “action”-genre. This kind of games promotes physical challenges such as eye-hand coordination. You also need some motor-skills to solve the tasks which are given in the games. Normally the gamer can control everything in the game. This genre covers all games which involves physical challenges.
“Action-adventure” is the second genre that I am going to shortly introduce to you. The aim of this kind of game is to overcome a long-term obstacle. To deal with this you need some skills or tools that you have collected earlier in the game. To overcome the main obstacle you have to deal with some smaller problems during the game. As the name of this genre already says it is a kind of a mixture between action-games and adventure-games.
So I have already started to mention the “adventure” genre. I am going to continue with that one. This kind of games are some of the earlies creations. The genre got his name because of the game “adventure” which was developed in the 1970s. You could easily make the same mistake like I did and think that games like this are similar to adventure movies. They are not. They do not have a real story or content. And they also do not have any reflex challenges or action. Normally you have to solve problems like puzzles or something similar by interacting with people but also with the environment.
A quite common genre is the “role-playing”. Mostly you have to take the figure of an “adventurer” who has specific skills. These skills could be everything. You could turn into a magician or an extreme strong human. But you could also turn into an elf or even into an orc. Sometimes you are able to switch the characters during the game. Through the game you mostly have to fight against some creatures which are protecting places where you have to get to solve the level.
The next genre which I am going to introduce is the “simulation”-genre. As the name simulation already says does this kind of games shows you simulation of the real life or fictional reality. They are also used in the education, for example of pilots or air traffic controllers. They are using the simulations to get used to the situations on an airport or in the air. So this kind of “computer games” has actually a functional aspect for the society as well.
The last two genres I am going to show to you are called “strategy” and “sports”. I think that the name of the genre describes itself pretty good. It deals with different types of sport like soccer, rugby or nearly every other kind of sport. And strategy games are self-explanatory as well I guess. To solve this kind of games you have to figure out which way the best is to get through the game. It is a logical game and you can mostly play it together with other gamers all over the world.
So this was just a short introduction to some genres of games. But if you are really interested in this you can follow the website http://netnarr18.miazamoraphd.com. At the moment wire talking about the history of computer games but also about the different types and a lot more. So feel free to have a look.
This week we talk about selfies in our lecture. There is this project it is called #selfieunselfie.
It mainly deals with the thoughts about how we present our self with a selfie in social media and what parts of our own are not shown on it. And then you take a second photo that shows a layer of yourself which is normally not shown on your selfies.
I really could not decide between the first two pictures. I love both of them and if I would share selfies I would share these two.
So the first picture of mine shows my sister and me in Rome while visiting my brother. We are looking very happy, our skin looks good and the light is really warm. But what it does not show is that I actually had a ligament rupture and that I needed crutches to walk. That was really painful. And the picture does also not show that I have a big family. And they are one of the most important aspects of my life.
The second selfie shows one of my best friends and me in a pub in Frankfurt. I would definitely post this picture as well. The reason is that it shows a layer of my social life. I am obviously in a bar and I have friends and fun. But it also shows books in the back and that is an important part of my life as well. I mean, I´m studying book-science…
These pictures are showing that I´m travelling and that I´m enjoying my live. So they do show some important parts of my life, but still my life is so much more than you can see on two photos. And even if I would publish all the photos that I have, which would show where I have already been in my whole live and what experiences I have made, they could never show you who I really are. Because a photo could never replace a real conversation. So you just think that you know the person and that is just an imagination.
The third picture is my unselfie. Actually it shows myself from the back when I have been on a hike to the mountain Lyderhorn. As you can see on the picture there were a lot of snow and actually also a lot of ice. I really like this picture, because it shows another important side of my life. And that is the nature.
If I would want that random persons really get to know me through the internet I would probably make videos of myself or I would start a project which I would call “24/7 ME” or something like this. This project would be a video of my whole life. Because if you want that people really get to know you, you have to share everything with them. In the same way how you do it with your friends and family.
But I´m not like this. Normally I don´t post any pictures of myself. I don´t want that a picture of myself is in the internet forever. And I´m trying not to publish to much information about myself. The reason is that so many people can see and use this information for so many different thinks. And I just don´t want that. It´s my privacy.
If you would like to share your thoughts or your opinion as well, you should join the project.
The video describes how the project works and gives you some general information. (Finally I managed to show you more than just the link)
Nearly everyone in my age uses social media. And I think a really good part of the internet is that you can stay in contact with everyone that you know, from all over the world. There are so many websites that we can use. Facebook, Twitter or What’s App are just some examples.
And as always there are positive and negatives parts. If you have shared an information once, it will always stay in the internet. One good point as I already mentioned, you can easily keep contact with friends.
Many students are taking a year of after they have graduated from school. They are travelling and get to know people from all over the world. And after they came back to their home country they use the social media network to stay in touch with each other.
I have already written about that more precisely in a different blog-post.
However, the reason why I thought about it is that we had some kind of a twitter conversation this week at university. We´ve been shown a clip during the lecture and afterwards the teacher tweeted some questions. And everyone over the whole world who wanted could have join it. So instead of getting stuck in our classroom or world we easily have opened our conversation for the whole world to get global. And in my opinion that is actually the fascinating and amazing part about social media.
But we should also take care of not spending too much time online, otherwise we will maybe lose the contact to the real world. My friends are sometimes really angry because I call them only every second or third week and sometimes it takes some days until I text them back. But isn´t it more import to stay in the real world instead of staying in the digital world?
If you are interested in these themes you should check out the following clips. (Sorry, it still doesn´t work to upload videos. So you have to use the links)
How Social Networks Have Changed The World! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=trH4iuebjjI
So here comes the second blog post. I have to say that I am still very unused to all this stuff and I am still trying to find out how I can upload a video, but I do know how to upload a photo. So let´s start with one I have uploaded on Twitter this week.
It is funny that the second part of the #netnarr (Narr) in Norwegian and German means “to be a fool”. But let´s come back to the important stuff.
In our second time in the lab we were creating our own memes and we were asked to create a GIF on our own (what I haven´t done yet). Actually it is easy to make a MEME on your own. For example, there is this one website, it is called “imgflip” (link: https://imgflip.com/memegenerator ). They have hundreds of photos that you can use, you just have to add your own text.
This is the second MEME I have created this week.
And even for me it was really easy, and I am a person who can only work with “word” and I always have to ask someone else to help me, if I have to do something special with my laptop.
So if you ever wanted to create your own MEME just use this website. It makes everything easier.
There are also some websites where you can create your own GIFs. A GIF is like a really short clip that tries to show an emotion or a situation in just a few seconds. But you can see a better definition in this little clip on youtube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wIw2Ir8BpS4 .
I have not tried to make a GIF on my own, yet. But I will tell about it in my next blogpost.
Nearly everyone in this world uses Facebook, Instagram, Twitter or different types of social media every day. Nearly in every country in this world teenagers and adults have a smartphone, even some grandparents do have smartphones as well. So that you can always stay in contact with everyone on this world. But how does the internet actually influence us? Are we ignoring the people around us just because we are thinking that we could find the perfect partner online? And does it actually really help us to stay in contact with everyone or is it actually isolating us from the people around us because we want to know what happens in Hollywood, so that we have no time left to listen to our friends which are sitting next to us?
How often do you see friends sitting next to each other in a café and they are just on their smartphone so they can text other people instead of talking to the friend sitting next to them? Of course the internet helps you to stay up to date. If you are interested in it, you could now everything about the wars in the world and about the political situations in all the different countries but you also have the risk of fake news.
I had to think about all this when I had my first week of lectures. Our teacher asked us how many hours per day do we spend online. Most of the students said they would spend between three or five hours per day just on their laptop or smartphone. And the surprising part about that is, that it is normal for the society. It is normal that nearly every student has a laptop, actually it is kind of weird if someone does not have a laptop or a smartphone. Everyone has it and especially in the university you need it. All the informations about your courses are online. You can do almost everything from your laptop or smartphone at home. And it shows you a lot of new possibilities. You can do most of the stuff so much faster online, for instance writing an e-mail instead of walking through half of the city or writing a letter, which takes three days to get to the destination and another few days until you get an answer back. So it is definitely faster.
But everything has their positive and negative sides. You just have to find out the right balance. And that is actually the difficult part. How can you know that you have found the right balance? And what is actually the price if you do not find the right balance? Is it good that the internet could know everything about you? Where you are coming from, who are your parents, where have you already been in your life, what kind of clothes you like and actually everything? The internet never forgets what you have posted once it is online. You can trie to google your name. I am pretty sure that will find a lot of informations about yourself. I think that it is like giving up your identity.
I also have Facebook, Twitter and Instagram but, i believe you do not have to give them all the information they want to have
My teacher at the university showed us a clip on youtube last week and it describes very well some points which i tried to make in this blog. So check it out.
I am in international student in Bergen-Norway and this blog is about my explores in the course „Digital Genres: Digital Art, Electronic Literatur and Computer Games“(Networked Narratives). And I will upload my experiences in that course. So hopefully you will enjoy this experience.
DIKULT 103: Dr. Mia Zamora's "Digital Genres" course at University of Bergen, Spring 2018